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EXTINCT OXEN

319

is not necessary to change it. The Sclavonic name is Zubr or Suber.
It is a <*reat "beast, standing 6 feet or so In height at the
shoulder. Ife ranged further over Europe well within, the historic
period. In the days of Charlemagne it was spread over Germany
aiid was a beast of the chase. In the year 1848 the Emperor
of Russia presented u pair of these Oxen to the Zoological Society
of London. At the time of their presentation an interesting
communication "was made to the Society by !NL Dolnio.totf, on the
method uf the capture of these two examples. The creature is
nut easy to capture and is alarming to confront. " The eyes,"

Fio. 107.—Bison.    JSison am&ncanus.     x -5^.
says an old writer, *f are red and fiery; the looks axe furious and
commanding." It has of course the shaggy mane and hump of
the American animal The herd in Lithuania was said to "be
1900 in the year 1856. Mr, E. K. Buxton,1 who has lately
visited the forest, quotes M. !Neverli to the effect that at present
the numbers are not more than YOG.
Allied to this animal* and apparently still nearer to the American
Bison, is the extinct JS. priseus of Europe. The Pleistocene Bisons
of North America, JR antigruits and JB. latifrons, are not remote from
the living forms. Finally, the Miocene JR stvalenst* from India,
and the Pliocene J^./erox and JK, alleni of North America* take back
this group to as remote a period as any other genus of Oxen.
Zo&L S&&* 189$, p ^4,